语调（intonation），即谈话的声调，就是一句话里腔调（pitch）高下抑扬轻重的配制和变动。世界上没有一种言语是用繁多的腔调说出的，以英语为例，英语有五种根本语调:升调（?）、降调（?）、升降调（∧）、降升调（∨）以及平调（→）。一句话除了词汇意义（lexical meaning）还有语调意义（intonation meaning）。所谓词汇意义就是话中所用词的意义，而语调意义就是谈话人用语调所示意的态度或口吻。一句话的词汇意义加上语调意义才算是齐全的意义。同样的句子，语调不同，意思就会不同，有时甚至会相差千里。请看下例:
1）A:Jean，can you bring me the newspaper？
Jean用升调说“Sorry”，其意思是“I didn’t hear you．Could you say that again，please？”
2）A:Jean，can you bring me the newspaper？
(intonation), namely talking tone tone, one sentence in tone (pitch) and the severity of the changes with iambic preparation. The world is not a speech is utter with variety of tone, for example, there are five kinds of basic English intonation: rising tone and falling tone (?) (?) (a), and the (V) and flat falling rising tone (to). In addition to the word meaning (lexical meaning) and the intonation meaning (intonation meaning). The meaning of the word is the meaning of the words used in the words, and the meaning of the intonation is the attitude or the tone of the speaker's tone. The meaning of a word and the meaning of the intonation is a complete meaning. The same sentence, the intonation is different, the meaning will be different, sometimes even thousands of miles. Please see the following:
1) A:Jean, can you bring me the newspaper?
Jean use the rising of "Sorry", which means "I didn" t hear you.Could you say that again, please?"
let's look at the next sentence:
2) A:Jean, can you bring me the newspaper?
2, Jean) in the dialogue should say "Sorry", its meaning is apparently powerless or refused to help.
Kenneth L.Pike, a famous American linguist, thinks that the relative increase of
syllable is not important, and the absolute height of a syllable and another is very important. There are four levels in
1, extra two), which is two higher than the abnormal tone.
2) high tone (high), which is higher than the abnormal accent, is commonly used in the critical rereals in the statement.
3) middle tone (MID), that is, the abnormal height of the speaker's sound.
4) (low), namely the low-key tone ratios in a low level,
is the most common low falling tone.
should divide the intonation pattern according to the attitude of the speaker, but can not be divided according to the grammatical structure of the sentence. There is no "intonation" of "difficult sentences" or "intonation of old sentences". Because both difficult and old sentences can be used in various intonation patterns.
therefore, it is also important for us Chinese English learners to understand some kind of attitude or tone by understanding a certain type of tuning.
summed up so much. If you want to get more English learning materials, you can focus on the official website. You can also read more about.on the corresponding online English learning website.