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宾语从句和表语从句语法小结

发布于 2018-05-10 18:18

在线英语培训最近网上搜索很多的问题,证明很多人都想了解关于英语培训的这方面问题,今天我们从宾语从句和表语从句语法小结的角度来讲讲在线英语培训:

  一、宾语从句要点演绎

  ★ 宾语从句的语序必需是陈说语序。

  ★ that在疏导宾语从句时无词义,也不充任任何成分,且通常能够省略。但假如含有两个或两个以上的并列宾语从句时,通常只有第一个从句的that能够省略,其他从句的that普通不能省略。如:

  My uncle said (that) he would come and that he would also bring his son.

  ★ whether和if都意为“能否”,通常状况下,二者都能够疏导宾语从句;但在介词之后或与or not连用时,只能用whether。留意:当whether与or not不连在一同时,书面语中可用if取代whether,当然也能够用whether。如:

  I don't know if / whether there will be trains any more.

  They are worrying about whether they can get there in time.

  I don't know whether or not I should take his advice.

  I'm not sure if / whether the train will arrive on time or not.

  ★ 有时可用it作方式宾语,而把真正的宾语从句后置。如:

  We have made it clear that we will learn to deal with various difficult problems.

  ★ 在第一人称I / we与动词think, expect, believe, guess, suppose等连用,后接宾语从句时,通常将从句的否认转移到主句谓语动词,构成否认前移。如:

  I don't suppose you're used to this diet.

  二、表语从句要点演绎

  ★ 表语从句肯定要用陈说语序。

  ★ 可接表语从句的词除系动词be外,还有appear, become, look, remain, seem, sound等连系动词。如:

  The boy has remained where you told him to stand for over an hour.

  ★ that和what在疏导表语从句时,作用和意义都不相反。that自身没有词义,在句中只起衔接作用,不充任句子成分;what则示意“所……的(人或事)”,在表语从句中充任主语、表语或宾语等。如:

  My idea is that this plan should be carried out immediately.

  My hometown is no longer what it used to be.

  ★ if不能够疏导表语从句,但whether能够疏导表语从句。如:

  The question is whether your uncle will offer help to us.

  【即学即练】 用合适的衔接词补全上面的对话。

  Tom: Hi, Jane. I want to become a scientist. My question is 1. ________ scientists work and 2. ________ I need to do in order to become a scientist. First of all, I'd like to know how long I have to study to become a scientist.

  Jane: Well, that depends. Usually, a scientist must have at least a Bachelor's degree, so that means about four years in college. Nowadays, most scientists need a Master's degree, too.

  Tom: My second question is 3. ________ courses or major should I choose.

  Jane: Again, that depends on 4. ________ you want to study in the future. You will need to study maths and you should take at least a few courses in all the branches of science. If you want to be a successful scientist, you must understand the basics of physics, chemistry and biology.

  Tom: Wow, that's a lot. Could you tell me 5. ________ I decide which branch of science I should choose?

  Jane: Well, I think the best way is 6. ________ you should get some practical experience. Visit scientists and laboratories to see what the life of a scientist is like. Ask scientists to tell you about their work. You should also try to find out 7. ________ branch of science you like and are good at.

  Tom: I like physics, but I don't know 8. ________ my parents will allow me to major in it.

  Jane: That's unbelievable. My first advice is 9. ________ you should make your own decision.

  Tom: I think so. Do you have any other advice for me?

  Jane: Yes. I think a good scientist should be careful, curious and creative and 10. ________ he or she should like to ask a lot of questions and solve problems.

  答案

  1. how 2. what 3. what 4. what

  5. how 6. that 7. which

  8. whether / if 9. that 10. that

  以上就总结这么多,想要获取更多的学习材料,能够关注的官网,也能够去相应的在线英语学习网站上多理解一下。

用宾语从句和表语从句语法小结来讲在线英语培训如果你不是很明白的话,可以看下其他文章或者直接联系我们了解