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英语语法:指示代词的用法

发布于 2018-05-09 18:07

在线英语培训最近网上搜索很多的问题,证明很多人都想了解关于英语培训的这方面问题,今天我们从英语语法:指示代词的用法的角度来讲讲在线英语培训:

 1)批示代词分复数(this/that)和单数(these/those)两种方式,既可作限定词又可做代词,例如:

      复数          单数

限定词:ThisgirlisMary.  Thosemenaremy

               teachers.

代词: ThisisMary.    Thosearemy

               teachers.

 2)批示代词的句法性能;

  a.作主语

   Thisisthewaytodoit.

   这事儿就该这样做。

  

  b.作宾语

   Ilikethisbetterthanthat.

   我喜爱这个甚至那个。

  c.作主语补语

   Mypointisthis.

   我的观念就是如此。

  d.作介词宾语

   Idon'tsaynotothat.

   我并未回绝那个。

   Thereisnofearofthat.

   那并不可怕。

 阐明1:

  批示代词在作主语时可指物也可指人,但作其余句子成分时只能指物,不能指人,例如:

 (对)Thatismyteacher. 那是我的教师。(that作主语,指人)

 (对)Heisgoingtomarrythisgirl. 他要和这个姑娘结婚。(this作限定词)

 (错)Heisgoingtomarrythis. (this作宾语时不能指人)

 (对)Iboughtthis. 我买这个。(this指物,可作宾语)

 阐明2:

  That和those可作定语从句的后行词,但this和these不能,同时,在作后行词时,只有those可指人,试比拟:

 (对)Headmiredthatwhichlookedbeautiful. 他赞叹表面美丽的货色。

 (对)Headmiredthosewholookedbeautiful.他赞叹那些表面美丽的人。(those指人)

 (错)Headmiredthatwhodancedwell. (that作宾语时不能指人)

 (对)Headmiredthosewhodancedwell. 他赞叹跳舞好的人。(those指人)

 (对)Headmiredthosewhichlookedbeautiful.他赞叹那些表面美丽的货色。(those指物)

1) instructions pronouns (this/that) singular and plural (these/those) in two ways, which can be used as determiners and pronouns can be used, for example:

complex singular

qualifiers: ThisgirlisMary. Thosemenaremy

teachers.

ThisisMary. Thosearemy

teachers.

2) pronouns: syntactic properties of instructions pronouns;

a.

Thisisthewaytodoit.

as the subject matter on the way do.

B. is the object of the object

Ilikethisbetterthanthat.

I love this even that one.

C. as a complement to the subject

Mypointisthis.

my idea is so.

D. is the prepositional object

Idon' tsaynotothat.

I did not reject that.

Thereisnofearofthat.

it's not awful.

clarifies that 1:

pronoun can be used as a subject when referring to a subject, but also refers to a person. But when making other sentence components, it can only refer to objects, not people, such as

(right) Thatismyteacher., that is my teacher. (that as a subject, a person)

(right) Heisgoingtomarrythisgirl. he wants to marry the girl. (this as a qualifier)

(wrong) Heisgoingtomarrythis. (this can not be referred to as an object)

(right) Iboughtthis. I buy this. (this, for

2:

That and clarify the object) those can be used as attributive clauses by word, but not this and these, at the same time, in the later words, only those can refer to people, try to match:

(for Headmiredthatwhichlookedbeautiful.) he looked beautiful praise.

(right) Headmiredthosewholookedbeautiful. he praised the beautiful people. (those refers to human)

(wrong) Headmiredthatwhodancedwell. (that does not refer to human as object)

(right) Headmiredthosewhodancedwell., he praises the person who dances well. (those refers to people)

(right) Headmiredthosewhichlookedbeautiful. he exclaims those beautiful goods on the surface. (those finger)

用英语语法:指示代词的用法来讲在线英语培训如果你不是很明白的话,可以看下其他文章或者直接联系我们了解